The 1945 Pan African Congress held in Manchester was a significant and an important meeting for several reasons. In their book The 1945 Manchester Pan-African Congress Revisited (1995, New Beacon Books, London) Hakim Adi and Marika Sherwood write that:
1. "The Congress was the first major step in the post-war struggle by peoples of African descent and of Africa to join together to free themselves of [colonial domination].
2. The Congress was the first time that representatives of the Anglophone working peoples of the colonies came together to discuss what they wanted for the future.
3. The Congress gave an international platform to some who had been in the struggle for years as well as newcomers, such as Kwame Nkrumah. The Congress set Kwame Nkrumah on the path which led to his presidency of independent Ghana."
The meeting was held at Chorlton Town Hall in Manchester. (The stone façade of the Hall exists, but the original Hall no longer exists. It is now owned by Manchester University).
James (Jimmy) Taylor was one of the key organizers of this meeting. Jimmy Taylor owned a house in Manchester, 45 Acker Street, and accommodated some of the delegates to the conference (as recalled by F.R. Kankam-Boadu, one of the delegates). The conference started on Monday, October 15th.
Jimmy Taylor, George Padmore, Jomo Kenyatta, I.T.A. Wallace Johnson, Peter Millard, and Ras Makonnen were tasked with drafting the manifesto for the conference for presentation to the forthcoming United Nations conference in San Francisco. Jimmy’s brother, Kurankyi Taylor was also one of the participants in the Congress. The Congress was chaired by Mrs. Marcus Garvey. Below is a listing of the delegates at the conference.
DELEGATES AND ORGANIZATIONS at the 5th Pan African Conference
Sierra Leone: Delegate:
Teachers' Union Rev. HARRY E. SAWYER
Trade Union Congress I. T. A. WALLACE-JOHNSON
Youth League I. T. A. WALLACE-JOHNSON
The People's Forum L. SANKOH
Trades Union Congress A. SOYEMI COKER
The National Council of Nigeria and MAGNUS WILLIAMS
the Cameroons F. B. JOSEPH
Nigerian Youth Movement O. AWOLOWO
H. O. DAVIES
Calabar Improvement League E. B. NDEM
Aborigines' Rights Protection Society G. ASHIE-NIKOI
Gold Coast Farmers' Association W. J. KWESI MOULD
African Railway Employees Union J. S. ANNAN
Friends of African Freedom Society B. A. RENNER
National Council of Gambia J. DOWNES-THOMAS
Trades Union E. GARBA-JAHUMPA
Progressive Society J. TOBIE
EAST AND SOUTH AFRICA
The Young Baganda I. YATU
Tanganyika: S. RAHINDA
Kikuyu Central Association JOMO KENYATTA
Nyasaland African Congress Dr. HASTINGS K. BANDA
African National Congress MARKO HLUBI
Workers' Union R. G. SMALL
W. R. AUSTIN
Progressive League E. de L. YEARWOOD
Workers' Union A. MOSELEY
R. D. WATSON
J. M. KING
Bermuda: Workers' Association G. R. TUCKER
Trades Union Council M. HARPER\
African Development Association W. MEIGHAN
Dr. P. MILLIARD
Workers' League G. CARGILL
H. T. WEIR
Labour Party S. J. ANDREWS
Trades Union Council KEN HILL
People's National Party L. A. THOYWELL-HENRY
Ex-British West Indies Regt. Assn.
Universal Negro Improvement Assn. Miss ALMA LA BADIE
Garvey's African Communities League L. A. THOYWELL-HENRY
V. G. HAMILTON
Workers' League R. JOHNSON
St. Kitt-Nevis Trades and Labour E. McKENZIE-MAVINGA
Union J. A. LINTON
Seamen's and Waterfront Workers'
Union J. M. KING
Trinidad and Tobago:
Federated Workers' Trade Union G. PADMORE
Negro Welfare and Cultural Assn. C. LYNCH
West Indies National Party C. LUSHINGTON
Labour Party E. McKENZIE-MAVINGA
Oilfield Workers' Union JOHN ROJAS
Trade Union Congress RUPERT GITTENS
The Negro Association, Manchester C. PEART
M. I. FARO
Dr. P. MILLIARD
F. W. BLAINE
The Negro Welfare Centre, Liverpool J. E. TAYLOR (JIMMY TAYLOR)
E. J. DUPLAN
C. D. HYDE
E. A. COWAN
K. E. TAYLOR (KURANKYI, JIMMY's BROTHER)
Coloured Workers' Association E. P. MARKE
E. A. AKI-EMI
United Committee of Coloured and A. E. MOSSELL
Colonial People's Assn., Cardiff S. J. S. ANDREW
African Students' Union of Edinburgh J. C. de GRAF JOHNSON
The Young African Progressive R. FINI
League E. BROWN
League of African Peoples, Birmingham Dr. C. J. PILISO
West African Students' Union, London F. R. KANKAM BOADU
J. E. APPIAH
F. O. B. BLAIZE
International African Service Bureau T. R. MAKONNEN (Tomasio Griffiths)
Mrs. ASHWOOD GARVEY
K. F. NKRUMAH (Kwame)
African Progressive Assn. London K. O. LARBI
Assn. of African Descent, Dublin JA-JA WACHUKU
Fraternal Delegates and Observers:
Committee of Cyprus Affairs L. JOANNOU
Somali Society ISMAIL DORBEH
Federation of Indian Organisations
in Britain SURAT ALLEY
Ceylon Lanka Sama Samaj T. B. SUBASINGHA
Women's International League Miss H. BURTON
Common Wealth Miss LEEDS
Independent Labour Party JOHN McNAIR
Negro Welfare Assn. Miss LEVY
Miss R. B. ROSE
Miss A. B. BLAINE
The following committees were appointed by the Plenary Session of Congress:
STANDING ORDERS COMMITTEE:
G. PADMORE, Chairman.
B. A. RENNER, Secretary.
E. A. AKI-EMI, J. S. ANNAN, T. R. MAKONNEN.
J. KENYATTA, Chairman. (Jomo Kenyatta)
F. B. JOSEPH, Secretary.
E. A. COWAN, A. S. MOSSELL, J. TAYLOR.
E. ABRAHAMAS, Chairman.
K. F. NKRUMAH, Secretary. (Kwame Nkrumah)
E. de L. YEARWOOD, E. K. TAYLOR.
I. T. A. WALLACE-JOHNSON, Chairman
KEN HILL, Secretary.
G. JAHUMPA, Dr. W. E. B. DUBOIS, Mrs. A GARVEY,
G. ASHIE-NIKOI, E. J. DUPLAN.
Dr. W. E. B. DUBOIS, Chairman
Dr. P. MILLIARD, Secretary.
Mrs. A. GARVEY, MARKO HLUBI, A. S. MOSSELL, I. T. A.
WALLACE-JOHNSON, G. ASHIE-NIKOI.
Miss A. ROSSALL, Chairman.
Mrs. A. GARVEY, Secretary.
Miss V. THOMPSON, Miss R. B. ROSE, Mrs. A. B. BLAINE,
Miss LEVY, Mrs. PRICE, Miss E. DORMAN, Miss DRONAH
PETROFF, Mrs. RENNER.
Mrs. DOROTHY LIVINGS.